By Chet Bowers
This severe exam of STEM discourses highlights the significant to contemplate academic reforms in the various cultural contexts of ongoing environmental and technologically pushed adjustments. Chet Bowers illuminates how the dominant myths of Western technology advertise fake provides of what technology can in achieving. Examples exhibit how many of the technology disciplines and their shared ideology mostly fail to handle the methods metaphorically layered language impacts taken-for-granted styles of pondering and the position this performs in colonizing different cultures, hence keeping the parable that medical inquiry is aim and freed from cultural affects. instructions and questions are integrated to have interaction STEM scholars in changing into explicitly conscious of those matters and the demanding situations they pose.
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Additional resources for A Critical Examination of STEM: Issues and Challenges
The early guidelines for the scientific method, with its emphasis on observing, measuring, and predicting behaviors in the observable world, excluded moral issues as being a legitimate concern of scientists. ” That the above vocabulary legitimated behaviors that some now regard as immoral is yet another example of how the naming of patterns brings awareness to what was previously ignored. The above examples of Western moral biases encoded in a metaphorical language handed down from the past also bring out how differences in moral codes are influenced by the mythopoetic narratives of the culture—which often involve spiritual/linguistic ecologies that are beyond what can be understood by the limited forms of knowledge allowed by the scientific method.
Every ideology, including that of Germany’s National Socialism, is based on deep cultural assumptions about what constitute moral and immoral behavior, and scientists cannot claim to operate outside of cultural relationships that are never value neutral. The analogs, which reflect the thinking of earlier eras, sanction certain behaviors over others as being moral. The early guidelines for the scientific method, with its emphasis on observing, measuring, and predicting behaviors in the observable world, excluded moral issues as being a legitimate concern of scientists.
A strong case can be made that the cultural mediating characteristics of different technologies, which vary from culture to culture, are not adequately understood by scientists. And if this is not understood, the fall back level of understanding is not too far removed from how young students are told by naive classroom teachers that both techniques and technology are in themselves culturally neutral tools and at the same time the engines of progress. Modern techniques, as Jacques Ellul explains, are the totality of methods rationally organized to achieve maximum efficiency in every area of cultural activity.
A Critical Examination of STEM: Issues and Challenges by Chet Bowers