By Eileen Stillwaggon
AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty combines the insights of economics and biology to provide an explanation for the unfold of HIV/AIDS and convey a telling critique of AIDS coverage. Drawing on a wealth of medical proof, Stillwaggon demonstrates that HIV/AIDS can't be stopped with out figuring out the ecology of poverty. Her message is positive, with pragmatic strategies to the illnesses that advertise the unfold of HIV/AIDS.
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AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty combines the insights of economics and biology to provide an explanation for the unfold of HIV/AIDS and bring a telling critique of AIDS coverage. Drawing on a wealth of clinical proof, Stillwaggon demonstrates that HIV/AIDS can't be stopped with out knowing the ecology of poverty.
This quantity comprises a couple of papers relating to the topic of the dynamics of inequality and poverty. those are subdivided into 4 separate elements. The 5 chapters partially I of this quantity are eager about inequality and poverty over prolonged time sessions. Bandyopadhyay and Cowell take care of the idea that of vulnerability within the context of source of revenue mobility of the negative.
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Extra info for AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty
In Mali, early marriage is common for women and is the reason for the high percentage of sexually experienced 17-year-old women there. 2 Percentage of 20- to 24-year-olds sexually active before age 17, and median age at ﬁrst intercourse (selected countries, sorted by male sexual activity percentage) Sexually active by age 17 (%) Country United States (1995) Brazil (1996) Dominican Republic (1996) Great Britain (1991) Haiti (1994–1995) Tanzania (1996) Ghana (1993) Zimbabwe (1994) Mali (1995–1996) Median age at ﬁrst intercourse Male Female Male Female 64 63 49 47 44 42 33 28 26 47 29 32 42 30 45 52 26 72 16 16 17 17 18 18 18 19 19 17 19 19 17 19 17 17 19 16 Source: Derived from S.
1994). Even children with subclinical (that is, not apparent upon examination) vitamin-A deﬁciency show a lower immune response and greater vulnerability to infection, particularly of the skin and mucous membranes (Solomons, 1998). , 1998). Vitamin-A deﬁciency reduces the number of NK cells, diminishing nonspeciﬁc, or natural, defense mechanisms against antigens. Vitamin A also is required for the production of T cells, or speciﬁc defenses (Semba, 1998). The role of vitamin A in the promotion of physical barriers to infection is signiﬁcant for the discussion in this book.
This article reports on surveys in France (1991–1992) and Great Britain (1990–1991). In France, the average number of sexual partners reported by men was 11, and by women, three. In urban areas, 18 percent of men and 10 percent of women had two or more sexual partners in the previous year. Of those, the percentage whose multiple partnerships were concurrent increased with age group. 3. 3 Britons reporting 10 or more lifetime sexual partners (by age group and gender) Age 24 25–34 35–44 Ͼ45 Male (%) Female (%) 16 31 29 21 5 10 9 4 Source: Derived from Turner, 1993.
AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty by Eileen Stillwaggon